Replacing regular filtered water with a healthy beverage is a topic of great interest and study. One such beverage is hydrogen water. But what is hydrogen water and what are its benefits and precautions to consider when consuming it? Discover more in the article below.
What is Hydrogen?
Hydrogen is a chemical element consisting of only 1 proton and 1 neutron. It typically exists in a gas form and is colorless and odorless.
Hydrogen is produced primarily through the electrolysis of water molecules (2H2 + O2 → 2H2O; 2H2O → 2H2 + O2) through ionization. It can also be generated from biological hydrolysates, coal, gas, oil, and renewable energy sources such as wind, geothermal, solar, and hydroelectric power.
What is hydrogen water?
Hydrogen water, also known as hydrogen-rich water, is water that has been infused with hydrogen gas. This type of water contains H+ ions and has a slightly alkaline pH of around 8.0 to 8.5, which falls within the acceptable range of 6.5 to 8.5 according to the Ministry of Health. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers water with a pH between 6.5 and 9.5 to be safe for human consumption.
Thanks to advanced electrolysis technology, hydrogen water is an alkaline ionized water that boasts a high concentration of hydrogen. As a result, it combines the benefits of traditional alkaline ionized water with added anti-aging properties due to its elevated levels of active hydrogen.
Hydrogen water is clear, odorless, tasteless and can be used as normal filtered water when boiled. It should be consumed immediately after being poured as hydrogen gas is highly volatile.
The ORP (oxidation-reduction potential) of hydrogen-rich water is relatively low, ranging from -100 to -150. The hydrogen concentration in the water ranges from 140 to 200 ppb (parts per billion), making it effective in neutralizing and removing strong oxidants in the body.
One way to determine the concentration of hydrogen in the water is by observing the air bubbles that cling to the sides of the glass after pouring from a hydrogen water purifier.
The benefits of hydrogen water
The effects of drinking hydrogen water may not be immediately noticeable, but its long-term benefits to the body have made it a key factor in the good health and longevity of the Japanese, who often consume hydrogen-rich alkaline water instead of regular filtered water as part of their daily routine. So, what exactly are the benefits of hydrogen water?
Anti-oxidant, slows down the aging process
First, hydrogen has potent antioxidant properties and these properties are also present in hydrogen water. This type of water can enhance the process of mineral absorption and hydration.
Hydrogen is the smallest of all chemical elements and has the ability to penetrate deeply into weakened cells to neutralize harmful free radicals. This results in the restoration of damaged cells, slowing down the aging process and boosting resistance.
The Medical Research Department of the Kyoto Graduate Institute has published research on hydrogen showing that the hydrogen in alkaline water can delay the aging process by neutralizing free radicals that cause disease and improving the quality of life, as well as improving chromosomal disorders in depleted and senile cells.
Prevent brain damage
Studies have shown that molecular hydrogen can protect cells and tissues from oxidative damage by selectively reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS). Furthermore, experts have demonstrated that hydrogen has the ability to cross cell membranes and target cellular structures such as the nucleus and mitochondria.
Animal studies have revealed that hydrogen water can prevent the onset of Parkinson’s disease. This type of water reduces oxidation, thereby preventing cognitive decline associated with dementia and Parkinson’s disease. Additionally, it has been shown to slow the progression of neurodegeneration and reduce the risk of nerve cell loss in mice.
Balance pH in the body
Athletes, sports enthusiasts, and individuals suffering from stomach conditions such as gout, stomach acid, and heartburn tend to have an acidic body environment. Drinking hydrogen-rich water can help restore the body’s pH balance, thus reducing symptoms associated with these conditions.
Hydrogen water helps neutralize and remove excess acids, which are responsible for causing many harmful diseases.
Improve mental disorders
Hydrogen water can enhance mood and alleviate symptoms of certain mental conditions by promoting the regeneration of brain cells.
Inhibition of inflammation
Studies and surveys have indicated that hydrogen has the ability to alleviate chronic arthritis and inflammation.
Reduce fatigue and muscle degeneration
Many studies have shown that hydrogen water helps reduce lactic acid build-up after intense exercise. In trials with patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), hydrogen water was shown to prevent excessive muscle mass gain and increase production of glutathione peroxidase, a potent antioxidant.
Prevention of metabolic syndrome
Regular consumption of hydrogen water has been shown to prevent the onset of metabolic syndrome, a cluster of conditions including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excessive fat, and abnormal cholesterol that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, and diabetes.
Prevention of atherosclerosis
Studies on rats have demonstrated the potential of hydrogen-rich water in preventing atherosclerosis.
Contribute to weight loss
Long-term consumption of hydrogen water can help regulate body fat and weight when other factors remain constant.
Enhances mitochondrial function
Mitochondria are often referred to as the “power plants” of a cell, producing energy to support the cell’s functions. They are crucial organs in the human body. Clinical studies have shown that consuming hydrogen-rich water can directly protect mitochondria and improve symptoms of mitochondrial disorders.
Support in the treatment of diabetes
Lowers cholesterol, improves glucose tolerance and improves insulin resistance.
Treatment of metabolic acidosis
Metabolic acidosis is a condition characterized by elevated acidity in the blood, above the normal level. This occurs when the kidneys and lungs fail to maintain the proper pH balance in the body. It is believed to be exacerbated by intense physical activity.
A group of physically active men were instructed to drink hydrogen-rich water daily for two weeks in a study. The results indicated that hydrogen water effectively increased blood pH levels both prior to and after exercise, with no adverse effects. The study concluded that consuming hydrogen water has an alkalizing effect on the blood.
Prevent the risk of cancer
Hydrogen water is considered a potent anti-tumor agent due to its ability to reduce cell oxygenation and impede the growth of malignant tumors. Additionally, this water has been found to inhibit angiogenesis in cultured lung cancer cells.
Reducing side effects of cancer treatments
Cancer treatments can have wide-ranging effects on the body and multiple organs. Scientists are constantly researching ways to promote health and support patients during cancer therapy.
Multiple studies on rats have yielded positive results regarding the effects of hydrogen water. These studies showed that hydrogen-rich water improved survival and weight gain in rats treated with anti-cancer drugs and reduced the risk of nephrotoxicity. In patients undergoing radiation therapy for liver tumors, daily consumption of hydrogen water was found to reduce cell oxygenation and improve appetite.
Make skin healthier
For acute skin conditions, doctors may prescribe intravenous hydrogen water injections. A 3-month human study concluded that bathing in hydrogen water can improve skin texture and smooth wrinkles. Additionally, hydrogen water has been found to reduce skin cell damage caused by ultraviolet rays.
Heal wounds and sores
Infusion of hydrogen water into elderly patients by feeding tube helps to reduce ulcer size and enhance recovery.
Limit damage to the transplant organ
Some documents indicate that hydrogen water in the form of a preservative solution contributes to reducing the damage to organs during the transplant process.
Protect the heart
Using hydrogen water during the treatment of diabetes in rats showed that myocardial functions were significantly improved. From there, adding a basis to the conclusion that molecular hydrogen is useful for diabetic cardiomyopathy.
Protect your eyes
During the treatment of retinal injuries in rats, several types of hydrogen-containing eye drops were administered. The application of hydrogen solution to the cornea reduced blood vessel growth following alkaline burns in rats. Hydrogen therapy was shown to help prevent blindness and protect eyes after chemical burns.
Preventing hearing loss
Molecular hydrogen not only benefits the eyes but also protects the hearing receptor cells from oxidative damage. Studies in mice have indicated that both saline and hydrogen-rich water may prevent the deterioration of cochlear hair cells following noise exposure. Thus, hydrogen water can help protect hearing from loud noises.
Hydrogen water rapidly reduced allergic reactions in mice. For mice with atopic dermatitis, a skin disorder characterized by red, scaly rashes, hydrogen water effectively reduced inflammation.
Improve kidney disease
Consuming hydrogen water has been found to reduce inflammation and maintain stable blood pressure in hemodialysis patients. Its ability to reduce cellular stress and assist in the removal of toxic substances like Cr and BUN makes hydrogen-rich water effective in improving kidney dysfunction caused by toxic damage.
Protect the liver
Hydrogen water is a strong antioxidant, offering protection to the liver from damaging free radicals. Studies on mice demonstrated that consuming hydrogen water inhibited the development of cell fibrosis in the liver. Additionally, hydrogen-rich water also improved liver function in patients with hepatitis.
Promotes gut health
Hydrogen water was shown to reduce damage to the stomach lining caused by aspirin in rats. Through reducing oxidation and inflammation, hydrogen water may protect the stomachs of healthy individuals from oxidative harm.
Prevent the risk of cancer
Hydrogen water has anti-tumor properties due to its ability to reduce cell oxygenation, thus inhibiting the growth of cancerous tumors. It has also been found to inhibit angiogenesis in cultured lung cancer cells.
Prevent bladder blockage
Hydrogen-rich water can help patients with bladder obstruction by reducing oxygenation.
Factors to be cautious about when consuming hydrogen water.
Using hydrogen water is very good for health, but you need to pay attention to the following issues to achieve the best effect.
Hydrogen water after pouring should be used immediately
Special attention should be given when using hydrogen water as hydrogen molecules are small and volatile in water. It is recommended to consume it immediately after pouring into a glass and not let it sit for more than 15 minutes. Prolonged exposure to air can degrade the water quality and reduce its benefits.
Hydrogen water can still be boiled, but please limit
Experts have conducted experiments and found that hydrogen in water can be boiled, but when exposed to high temperatures for an extended period, the hydrogen component will vaporize, making the hydrogen water similar to regular water. It’s important to be cautious and avoid boiling hydrogen water for too long.
Children under 6 months old can still use it
The misconception that young children can’t drink hydrogen water is incorrect. It is suitable for all ages, even infants under 6 months old. However, when giving it to children, it is important to boil the water to at least 63 degrees Celsius to ensure it is free of bacteria.
Using hydrogen water is safe for health
There are currently no restrictions on using hydrogen water, so it can be used like normal mineral water in daily activities. However, excessive use of anything is not beneficial, it is also important to drink regular water in addition to hydrogen-rich water.
How much hydrogen water should you drink per day?
Scientists from the NGO MHI, specializing in the study of hydrogen benefits for the body, have found that if the hydrogen concentration in water is 1.5 mg/L (equivalent to 1500 ppb), then it is recommended to drink 1.5 to 2 liters of alkaline ionized hydrogen water per day. If the hydrogen content is lower, a higher amount should be consumed. This calculation is simply a guide, as individual factors such as weight, height, age, gender, and needs can impact the appropriate amount of water to be consumed, which should be balanced to about 1.5 to 2.5 liters per day.
Answer questions about how to use Hydrogen water
Hydrogen water has numerous health benefits, but its usage is still limited due to the persistence of uncertainties surrounding its usage. Below are some commonly asked questions and answers regarding hydrogen water:
Can I use hydrogen water for cooking?
High heat when boiling reduces the hydrogen content in the water significantly. However, using hydrogen water in cooking or food preparation will not affect health or dish quality. It is recommended to drink hydrogen water immediately after heating to retain its quality and efficacy.
Is it safe to use hydrogen water for a long time?
There is no scientific evidence showing that hydrogen water has any harmful effects on the human body. It is considered safe for consumption and may even aid in the treatment of some diseases. You can use hydrogen water with confidence, just like any other type of water available in the market.
Is there a device to test the hydrogen concentration in water?
To determine the hydrogen concentration in water, a device is required. Two common methods are:
– Using a Hydro Truslex meter with an electrode pen.
– Testing with a Colloidal Platinum base catalyst kit.
Is it okay to drink too much hydrogen water?
Drinking hydrogen water is safe for healthy people, but if you have a chronic illness, it’s best to consult with a doctor before incorporating it into your diet.
From the above article, we have gained understanding about hydrogen water and its advantages. Remember to follow us to stay informed of new and intriguing health and beauty related topics.